Edinburgh .. Day three
Another sunny day in Edinburgh, saw my first bees today.
Today we were of to the zoo, we caught the bus as it's a little way out of town. Busses here were very good, £4.00 all day or £1.60 one way, you could go anywhere for this price.
From the out side you could not tell how big the zoo is, nestled between a hotel and houses right on the main road.
Now i'm not sure how I feel about zoo's, they play a important job in animal conservation, but seeing the lion pacing up and down it's pen made me feel sad. The sun was out but there was a cold wind, most of the animals were asleep or hiding in their beds. As it was early in the season the place looked a little bleak. There was just one eating place open and very few people about.
The zoo stretches out backwards from the road up into a large hillside, took some walking to get round. We were glad we had been but I came away feeling a little sad too.
Edinburgh Zoo is owned by The Royal Zoological Society of Scotland (RZSS). The Society was founded in March 1909, and the Zoo opened in July 1913.Mission
'Connecting people with nature. Safeguarding species from extinction.'
In the afternoon (after a nap) we were of to see
Calton Hill is one of Edinburgh's main hills, set right in the city centre. It is unmistakable with its Athenian acropolis poking above the skyline.(link)
But on the way we called in at
The Old Calton Burial Ground
The Old Calton Burial Ground is a graveyard at Calton Hill, in Edinburgh, Scotland, to the north-east of the city centre. The burial ground was opened in 1718, and is the resting place of several notable Scots, including philosopher David Hume, scientist John Playfair, rival publishers William Blackwood and Archibald Constable, and clergyman Dr Robert Candlish. It is also the site of the Political Martyrs' Monument, an obelisk erected to the memory of a number of political reformers, and Scotland's American Civil War Memorial.
The burial ground was altered following the construction of Waterloo Place in 1819, which divided the graveyard into two sections. Along with Edinburgh's other historic graveyards, Old Calton is managed by City of Edinburgh Council. The burial ground, including screen walls, and its monuments are protected as a category A listed building.(link)
There was so much to see and discover I could have spent a day here.
Before we walked up Calton Hill, the sun was shining down Princes St.
The walk up the hill I spotted some wild flowers.
Spring Beauty (Claytonia perfoliata)
|Navelwort (Umbilicus rupestris)|
The Dugald Stewart Monument
The Dugald Stewart Monument is a memorial to the Scottish philosopher Dugald Stewart (1753–1828). It is situated on Calton Hill overlooking Edinburgh city centre and was completed in August 1831.
Dugald Stewart was a professor at the University of Edinburgh, holding the chair of moral philosophy from 1786 until his death. The Royal Society of Edinburgh commissioned the monument and selected its site in 1830.
The monument is modeled on the Choragic Monument of Lysicrates in Athens, Greece and is a circular temple of 9 fluted Corinthian columns around an elevated urn. This example of the architecture of ancient Greece had been brought to wider attention by James "Athenian" Stuart and Nicholas Revett's illustrated survey, The Antiquities of Athens, published in 1762.
The Choragic Monument also provided the model for the nearby Robert Burns Monument, designed by Thomas Hamilton around the same time. The monument forms part of a collection of Greek Revival architecture in the area, including the National Monument and the former Royal High School building. The monument is a category A listed building as of 19 April 1966.
The Dugald Stewart Monument was designed by William Henry Playfair, who was also responsible for the elegant thoroughfare that encircles Calton Hill on three sides, comprising Royal Terrace, Carlton Terrace and Regent Terrace. Playfair also designed the nearby Scottish National Monument.
The acropolis is in fact an unfinished monument - originally called the "National Monument". Initiated in 1816, a year after Napoleon's defeat at Waterloo, it was meant to be a replica of the Parthenon in Athens, as a memorial to those who had died in the Napoleonic Wars.
Building began in 1822, but funds ran dry and celebrated Edinburgh architect William Playfair only saw a facade of his building completed. It was dubbed "Edinburgh's shame", but it's now a popular landmark and it's a lot of fun crawling up and down its giant steps. (link)
The view from the top was stunning.
The large building in this photo is at the bottom of Calton Hill.
St Andrew's House
St Andrew's House is the H.Q. of the Scottish Government, found East of Princes Street under Calton Hill.
Built on the site of the old Calton Jail, the imposing Orwellian hulk was the largest metal-framed building in Europe on its completion in 1939.
The occupation of the building also marked the first time government departments serving Scotland were brought under the same roof in Edinburgh.
It took decades to complete and opened as war was declared in Europe with the graves of ten murderers from Calton Jail still buried under the car park.(link)
We walked back to the Royal Mile for food and went to see the Castle all lit up in the dark.
Quite a few of the buildings were lit up.
|Tolbooth Kirk Church|
....and we were shattered.....
Tomorrow we visited the National Museum of Scotland and Greyfriars Kirk.